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Wheel of time

    Wheels - spin a tale   

Off to Shimla? Well, book a train ticket or just drive. Today, you can choose the mode of transport that suits you best…buses, cars or trains. But there was a time when humans could travel only as far as they could walk. How did the transport system evolve? Step back into the past to see what changed the way we travel.

  Wheels and Beasts of Burden
3000 BC
2700 BC
1500 BC
300 BC
200 AD
700 AD

1st known chariot used in Mesopotamia (now modern Iraq)

Spoked wheel (a major innovation) allowed greater manoeuvrability.

Egyptians developed wooden yoke more suited to horses.


Chinese made the breast-collar
harnessing system for horses. Used in Europe much later in the 10th century AD.

Saddles used in Europe.


Horseshoes used in Europe. New horse drawn carriages designed.
DAWN OF THE MACHINE
1700s
1834
 
Mechanically powered
transport changed the face of the transport
industry
1602-1649
1670
1680

Stagecoaches popular as public transport. They carried mail and passengers on established routes.

Two-wheeled carriage designed and patented by Joseph Hansom.

1st wooden rails ‘tramways’ were
laid down to carry coal.


Chinese were using a vehicle powered by
steam turbine

Isaac Newton suggested the use of steam power for carriages.
                                                                                                      
1769
1804
1813
1825
1829
New age Vehicle

Nicholas J. Cugnat made a  self-propelled vehicle. This machine did not run on rails and may be considered as the origin of the modern car.

Richard Trevithick designed the first locomotive to run on rails.


locomotive ‘Puffing Billy’ patented by William Hedley.
Used till 1872.

Stokton and Darlington – 1st
railway opened. A 40 kilometres
long track.

Stephenson designs locomotive for Liverpool & Manchester railway.
Potential of railways realised.

Invention of internal combustion engine is comparable to the invention of wheel because it changed the way we travel.
                                                                                                      
1860
1876
1888
1892
1913
 

Jean Lenoir built the internal combustion
engine powered by gas.

Nikolaus Otto developed 4-stroke gas engine – predecessor of modern
automobile engines.
Frank Sprague built first working
electric streetcar system.

Rudolf Diesel patented diesel
engine. In 1897 built working
model.


1st diesel rail car enters service in Sweden
 
The first train in India was signalled off on April 16th, 1853. A train with 14 carriages and 400 guests left Bombay's Bori Bunder for Thane. The journey took an hour and fifteen  minutes.

 

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Wheels - spin a tale