Looking (at) Glass
The glass of milk that you gulp down everyday…do you know how it gets to the dining table? I mean the glass...not the milk. Glass has a transparent, almost invisible presence in our lives. We look through it, we drink from it and it mirrors us.
Clear, chemically inert, non-reactive and hardwearing. These qualities
Glass was used as early as 4000 BC in the Middle East as a glaze to decorate beads. The earliest known clear glass is a vase found in Nineveh in Assyria, dating around 800 BC.
Conditioning: Forehearth brings glass to a uniform temperature and it is cut into segments of molten glass called gobs.
Forming: Gobs are forced into a shape and temperatures drop below 1,149° C. The cooling plate cools containers rapidly to below 482° C.
Molding: At the bottle machine a hollow is created in the gob. The hollow gob is called parison. Air is blown into the parison to bring it to
Annealing: Formed containers are placed in a machine where temperature is raised close to melting point and reduced below 482° C. The process strengthens containers.
Inspection: Fast Cooling machine brings temperatures down to 37.7° C. Defective containers are sent back into the furnace.
Finished glass containers are used to package products. When thrown
Melting: A furnace melts around 800 BC. sand, soda ash, limestone
|Greetings from CSE's Green Schools Programme (GSP)!|
As you know, Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) is an independent public interest research organisation that aims to promote an informed public opinion in favour of environmental sustainability and sustainable development.
|Teacher Orientation Workshop on Solid Waste Management and Green Schools Audit - July 9, 2015 and July 16, 2015|
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