Wheels -spin a tale
Off to Shimla? Well, book a train ticket or
just drive. Today, you can choose the mode of transport that suits you best buses,
cars or trains. But there was a time when humans could travel only as far as they could
walk. How did the transport
system evolve? Step back into the past to see what changed the way we travel.
WHEELS AND BEASTS OF BURDEN
1st known chariot used in Mesopo- tamia (now
Egyptians developed wooden yoke more suited to horses.
face of the
Chinese made the breast-collar harnessing
system for horses. Used in Europe much later in the 10th century AD.
Saddles used in Europe.
Horseshoes used in Europe. New horse drawn
DAWN OF THE MACHINE
popular as public transport. They carried mail and passengers on established routes.
Two-wheeled carriage designed and patented by Joseph Hansom.
1st wooden rails tramways were laid
down to carry coal.
Chinese were using a vehicle powered by
Isaac Newton suggested the use of steam
power for carriages.
Invention of internal combus-tion engine is comparable to the
invention of wheel because it changed the way we travel.
Nicholas J. Cugnat made a self-pro-pelled
vehicle. This machine did not run on rails and may be considered as the origin of the
Richard Trevithick designed the first locomotive to run on rails.
locomotive Puffing Billy
patented by William Hedley. Used till 1872.
Stokton and Darlington 1st railway opened. A 40 kilometres long track.
Stephenson designs locomotive for Liverpool & Manchester railway. Potential of
Jean Lenoir built the internal combustion
engine powered by gas.
Nikolaus Otto developed 4-stroke gas
engine predecessor of
modern automobile engines.
Frank Sprague built first working electric streetcar system.
Rudolf Diesel patented diesel engine. In 1897 built working model.
The first train in India was signalled off on April 16th, 1853. A
train with 14 carriages and 400 guests left Bombay's Bori Bunder for Thane. The journey
took an hour and fifteen minutes.